The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ICANN) assigns IP addresses, and certain domains to certain countries, such as .jp at the end of an url for a webpage directing to Japan.
Recently ICANN distributed the last of the IPv4 addresses to organizations around the world.
Seemingly as a solution to this they have started creating domains that are in the countries prominent script,and in some cases scripts.
Algeria would be .الجزائر, Georgia would be .გე,Sri Lanka would have .இலங்கை as well as .ලංකා, and the Russian Federation would be .рф to name a few.
The map above, created by John Yunker, shows the new Internationalized domain names for each area, to see larger click here!